Does Rome Have the Death Penalty?

By Robert Palmer

Does Rome Have the Death Penalty?

When it comes to legal systems and their associated penalties, it’s important to understand the nuances and differences between different jurisdictions. In this article, we will explore whether Rome, the eternal city of Italy, has the death penalty. Let’s dive in!

The History of the Death Penalty in Rome

Rome has a rich historical background that spans thousands of years. In ancient times, during the Roman Republic and Roman Empire, the death penalty was commonly used as a form of punishment for various crimes. From crucifixion to public beheading, execution was often seen as a means to maintain order and deter criminal activities.

However, with the decline of the Roman Empire and the rise of Christianity in Europe, attitudes towards capital punishment began to shift. The teachings of Jesus Christ emphasized forgiveness and redemption, leading to a gradual decline in the use of the death penalty.

The Current Status

In modern-day Italy, including Rome, capital punishment has been abolished. The Italian Constitution explicitly prohibits any form of capital punishment under Article 27: “Punishments may not be inhuman or contrary to personal dignity.”

This constitutional provision reflects Italy’s commitment to human rights and its alignment with international standards. Additionally, Italy is a signatory to several international treaties that oppose capital punishment.

The European Union Influence

Italy is part of the European Union (EU), an influential supranational organization that advocates for human rights among its member states. One of its fundamental principles is opposition to capital punishment.

The EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights explicitly states that “No one shall be condemned to the death penalty or executed.” This commitment extends to all EU member states, including Italy and its capital city Rome.


In conclusion, Rome, like the rest of Italy, does not have the death penalty. The historical legacy of capital punishment in ancient Rome has evolved over the centuries, and today, the country upholds human rights by abolishing this form of punishment.

It’s important to acknowledge that laws and legal systems can change over time. Therefore, it’s essential to stay informed about the current status of any legal matter.

Remember, understanding the legal framework and its evolution is key to comprehending how societies address crime and punishment. By staying informed, we can actively participate in discussions surrounding these important issues.