Is Rome a Country in Europe?

By Alice Nichols

Is Rome a Country in Europe?

Rome is not a country; it is a city. However, it holds great historical and cultural significance as the capital of Italy.

Italy, on the other hand, is indeed a country located in southern Europe. Let’s delve deeper into the subject to gain a better understanding.

The City of Rome

Rome, often referred to as the “Eternal City,” was founded in 753 BC and holds an unparalleled place in history. It was once the center of the mighty Roman Empire, which spanned across vast territories and left lasting influences on architecture, politics, language, and culture.

The city of Rome is home to iconic landmarks such as the Colosseum, Roman Forum, Pantheon, St. Peter’s Basilica, and Vatican City – an independent city-state within Rome. These sites attract millions of tourists each year who come to immerse themselves in its rich history.

Italy: The Country

Italy, officially known as the Italian Republic, lies on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe. It shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. Additionally, Italy also includes numerous islands such as Sicily and Sardinia.

Italian culture has had a significant impact on art, literature, architecture, music, fashion, and cuisine around the world. The country is renowned for its vibrant cities like Milan (fashion capital), Florence (birthplace of Renaissance), Venice (city of canals), and Naples (famous for pizza).

Rome’s Importance within Italy

As mentioned earlier, Rome is the capital city of Italy and holds immense political importance. The Italian government is based in Rome, and it is where the President of Italy resides. Additionally, Rome houses several important institutions, including the Italian Parliament and the Supreme Court.

Rome also serves as a major economic hub within Italy. It is home to numerous multinational companies and plays a vital role in sectors such as finance, tourism, fashion, film production, and technology.


In summary, Rome is not a country but a city of great historical significance within the country of Italy. Italy itself is located in southern Europe and boasts a rich cultural heritage that extends far beyond its capital city. Whether you are interested in ancient history, vibrant cities, or culinary delights, Italy has something to offer for everyone.

So next time someone asks if Rome is a country in Europe, you can confidently explain that while it isn’t a country itself, it holds an esteemed place within the beautiful country of Italy.