Is Rome a City or a Country?

By Michael Ferguson

Is Rome a City or a Country?

When it comes to Rome, there can be some confusion as to whether it is a city or a country. Let’s dive into this topic and explore the answer.

Rome as a City

Rome is indeed a city. It is the capital of Italy and holds significant historical and cultural importance.

Known as the “Eternal City,” Rome boasts an incredibly rich history that stretches back over 2,500 years. From ancient wonders like the Colosseum and Roman Forum to religious sites such as St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican City, Rome is home to numerous iconic landmarks.

As a city, Rome has a population of approximately 2.8 million people, making it the most populous city in Italy. It serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country.

Rome’s Influence Beyond Its Borders

While Rome is undeniably a city, its influence extends far beyond its municipal boundaries.

The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and influential civilizations in history. At its peak, it encompassed vast territories across Europe, Africa, and Asia. This empire left an indelible mark on Western civilization through its language (Latin), architecture (such as aqueducts and amphitheaters), legal systems (Roman law), and governance structures.

Rome vs Italy: Understanding the Distinction

It’s important to note that while Rome is undoubtedly an integral part of Italy, it is not synonymous with the entire country.

  • Italy: Italy is a sovereign nation located in Southern Europe. It comprises various regions, each with its own unique culture, language (such as Sicilian and Venetian), and traditions.

    Rome is just one of the many cities within Italy.

  • Rome: Rome, on the other hand, is a city within Italy. It holds a special status as the capital city and enjoys its distinct historical and cultural significance.


In summary, Rome is a city, specifically the capital of Italy. It is renowned for its historical and cultural heritage that has shaped the world we know today. While Rome’s influence transcends its municipal boundaries, it remains an integral part of Italy’s diverse landscape.

So next time someone asks if Rome is a city or a country, you can confidently explain that it is indeed a city with immense global significance.