Is Rome a Separate Country From Italy?

By Anna Duncan

Is Rome a Separate Country From Italy?

When it comes to the beautiful city of Rome, many people often wonder whether it is a separate country from Italy. In order to understand this, let’s explore the unique status of Rome and its relationship with Italy.

Rome: The Capital City of Italy

Rome is indeed the capital city of Italy and holds great significance in the country’s history, culture, and politics. It is home to iconic landmarks such as the Colosseum, Vatican City, and the Roman Forum. As one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Europe, Rome attracts millions of tourists every year.

However, despite its prominence within Italy, Rome is not an independent country.

The Sovereignty of Italy

Italy gained independence as a unified nation-state in 1861. Since then, Rome has been an integral part of Italy both geographically and politically. The sovereignty of Italy extends to its capital city as well.

Fun Fact: Did you know that prior to the unification of Italy, Rome was not its capital? The capital was initially Turin and later moved to Florence before finally settling on Rome in 1871.

Vatican City: A Unique Entity Within Rome

While Rome itself is not a separate country from Italy, it does host an independent state within its borders – Vatican City.

Vatican City: The Smallest Country in the World

Vatican City is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome. It covers just over 100 acres and has a population of around 800 people. Established as an independent state in 1929 through the Lateran Treaty between Italy and the Holy See (the central governing body of the Roman Catholic Church), Vatican City is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Catholic Church.

Key Facts about Vatican City:

  • Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by both area and population.
  • It has its own government, legal system, and even issues its own passports.
  • The Pope, who is also the head of the Catholic Church, serves as both the spiritual leader of Vatican City and as a world-renowned figure.

Rome: A Unique Blend of Ancient and Modern

One of Rome’s captivating qualities is its ability to seamlessly blend ancient history with modern life. Walking through Rome’s streets, you can witness ancient ruins alongside vibrant cafes and shops. The city preserves its rich heritage while embracing contemporary influences.

In conclusion, Rome is not a separate country from Italy. It serves as the capital city of Italy and holds immense cultural and historical significance.

However, it does house Vatican City within its borders – an independent city-state recognized globally. So when you visit Rome, remember that you are exploring the heart of Italy while being surrounded by a unique microstate within it!