Is Rome Considered Southern Italy?

By Anna Duncan

Is Rome Considered Southern Italy?

Rome, the eternal city, is a popular tourist destination known for its rich history, stunning architecture, and vibrant culture. However, when it comes to geographical categorization, there seems to be some confusion regarding whether Rome is considered part of Southern Italy. Let’s delve into this topic and shed some light on the matter.

Geographical Regions of Italy

Before we determine whether Rome falls under Southern Italy, it’s essential to understand the geographical divisions of Italy. The country is divided into five main regions: Northern Italy, Central Italy, Southern Italy, Sardinia, and Sicily.

Northern Italy

Located in the northern part of the country, this region includes prominent cities such as Milan, Turin, Venice, and Genoa. Northern Italy is known for its picturesque landscapes including the stunning Italian Alps and beautiful lakes like Lake Como and Lake Garda.

Central Italy

The central region of Italy consists of iconic cities like Florence, Pisa, and Perugia. This area is renowned for its art treasures, historical landmarks like the Colosseum in Rome and the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Central Italy also encompasses Tuscany – a region famous for its remarkable vineyards and scenic countryside.

Southern Italy

Southern Italy comprises several regions including Campania (Naples), Apulia (Bari), Calabria (Reggio Calabria), and Basilicata (Matera). It is known for its warm climate, beautiful coastline with stunning beaches such as Amalfi Coast and Capri Island.

The Placement of Rome

Rome is located in the central-western part of Italy, along the Tiber River. Geographically, it lies within the region of Lazio, which is considered part of Central Italy. Therefore, from a geographical standpoint, Rome is not classified as part of Southern Italy.

However, it is important to note that there is a cultural and historical connection between Rome and Southern Italy. Throughout history, Rome has had significant influence over the entire Italian peninsula, including the south. The Roman Empire’s expansion encompassed areas such as Naples and Sicily.

The southern regions have been deeply influenced by Roman culture and architecture. For example, ancient ruins like Pompeii near Naples or the Temple of Hera in Paestum showcase the enduring impact of Roman civilization on Southern Italy.


In conclusion, while Rome is not geographically considered part of Southern Italy but rather falls under Central Italy, it has undoubtedly played a crucial role in shaping the culture and history of Southern Italy. Its influence can be seen through numerous architectural marvels and cultural heritage sites spread across the southern regions.

Whether you’re planning to visit Rome or explore the beautiful landscapes of Southern Italy, understanding this distinction can enrich your travel experience and provide a deeper appreciation for the unique characteristics each region has to offer.

  • Northern Italy: Milan, Turin, Venice
  • Central Italy: Florence, Pisa
  • Southern Italy: Naples, Bari
  • Sardinia: Cagliari
  • Sicily: Palermo